ST. ANTHONY’S MONASTERY, Egypt — In a cave high in the desert mountains of eastern Egypt, the man said to be the father of monasticism took refuge from the temptations of the world some 17 centuries ago. At the foot of the mountain, the monks at the St. Anthony’s Monastery bearing his name continue the ascetic tradition.
But even this remote spot is touched by the turbulent times facing Egypt’s Christians, who fear for their future under the rising power of Islamists. Monks normally immersed in spirituality are joining the increasingly assertive tone of many in the minority community, vowing Christian voices won’t be silenced.
Their tone reflects the growing activist political role of the Coptic Orthodox Church, which for decades had adopted a quietist policy, avoided rocking the boat and relied on backroom dealings with the country’s leadership to try to preserve the community’s rights. In doing so, the church is essentially following the lead of many young Christians who — caught up in the fervor of Egypt’s revolution — insist they must stand up for themselves rather than trusting politicians to protect them.
“Anyone who thinks of hurting our church will face divine retribution,” Father Yacoub, the monastery’s deputy head, told The Associated Press this week. “Our church grows stronger with martyrdom. My faith and confidence tell me that so long as our church is in the hands of God, no one can hurt it.”
Islamist President Mohammed Morsi, of the Muslim Brotherhood, has vowed to promote equality between Egypt’s Muslim majority and Christian minority. But Christians have been worried by the growing influence in society and government of Muslim conservatives and hard-liners, many of whom espouse rhetoric consigning Christians to second-class status.
A mob attack this month on the Cairo cathedral that serves as the seat of the Coptic pope raised alarm bells among Christians, who make up 10 percent of the country’s 90 million people. There has been a surge in attacks on Christians and churches in the two years since the ouster of autocrat Hosni Mubarak. But for Christians, the cathedral violence laid bare their vulnerability. Morsi quickly condemned the violence, saying attacking the cathedral was like attacking him personally. But the Coptic Pope Tawadros II accused him of failing to protect the cathedral in an unprecedented direct criticism.
One of the world’s oldest monasteries, St. Anthony’s would seem a world away from such concerns, with its atmosphere of isolation.
Nestled at the foot of an imposing rock mountain in the desert near the Red Sea 100 miles southeast of Cairo, its fortress-like walls enclose churches, chapels and chambers for its about 100 monks. The oldest section — a small chapel — is believed to date to the 4th Century. Until several years ago, a spring was the sole source of water for the monks and their date palms and olive trees.
Little disturbs the routine of spiritual contemplation. Before dawn earlier this week, the monastery was still engulfed in darkness, only a sliver of moon in the sky, when the black-clad monks emerged from their cells. They walked up a cobblestone alley to the 15th Century Church of the Apostles to start their day with two hours of hymns and prayers.
With Orthodox Christians deep into Lent — their Easter Sunday is May 5 — that pre-dawn prayer is followed by three more liturgies, two hours each, the last ending at 5 p.m.
But the monks are definitely in touch. Yacoub sports both a Blackberry and an IPhone. He frequently drops mentions of what he reads on social networking sites. He is also willing to cast off some of the caution and diplomacy that the church has been renowned for in dealing with politics.
“If there is someone out there who thinks that persecuting the church or attacking the cathedral will drive us out of Egypt, then they are making a big mistake,” said Yacoub, a 51-year-old trained engineer. “They are pestering us so as to drown the Coptic voice that rose during the revolution.”