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2020 census questionnaires are arriving in mailboxes. Here's what to expect
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Census forms will be mailed out in March 2020. - photo by Scott Rogers

Households have started receiving their official U.S. Census Bureau mail with information about how to fill out the form, which takes a count of the country’s population and some demographics data every 10 years.

Homes will be receiving their census invitations March 12-20, and people can respond online, by phone or by mail. Only one person needs to respond for each household, and that person must be at least 15 years old.

Questions will be:

1. How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2020?

2. Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2020, that you did not include in Question 1?

 3. Is this house, apartment, or mobile home (mark ONE box) ...

...Owned by you or someone in this household with a mortgage or loan? Include home equity loans. Is it owned by you or someone in this household free and clear (without a mortgage or loan)? Rented? Occupied without payment of rent? 

4. What is your telephone number?

5. What is Person 1's name?

6. What is Person 1's sex?

7. What is Person 1's age and what is Person 1's date of birth?

Note Person 1's age as of April 1, 2020. For babies less than 1 year old, do not write the age in months. Write 0 as the age.

8. Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin?

9. What is Person 1's race? 

Mark one or more boxes AND print origins: White; Black or African American; American Indian or Alaska Native; Chinese; Filipino; Asian Indian; Vietnamese; Korean; Japanese; other Asian; Native Hawaiian; Samoan; Chamorro; other Pacific Islander; some other race. 

10. Print name of Person 2.

11. Does this person usually live or stay somewhere else? 

Mark all that apply: no; yes, for college; yes, for a military assignment; yes, for a job or business; yes, in a nursing home; yes, with a parent or other relative; yes, at a seasonal or second residence; yes, in a jail or prison; yes, for another reason.

12. How is this person related to Person 1?

Mark ONE box; opposite-sex husband/wife/spouse; opposite-sex unmarried partner; same-sex husband/wife/spouse; same-sex unmarried partner; biological son or daughter; adopted son or daughter; stepson or stepdaughter; brother or sister; father or mother; grandchild; parent-in-law; son-in-law or daughter-in-law; other relative; roommate or housemate; foster child; other nonrelative. 

The questionnaire includes sections for 10 people in the home. If the person who owns the home or pays the rent lives at the home, they should be listed as “Person 1.” If the homeowner or rent payer does not live at the home, any adult living there can be “Person 1.”

There is no citizenship question on the 2020 Census. The Census Bureau will not ask for anyone’s Social Security number, bank or credit card account numbers, money or donations, or anything on behalf of a political party.

The Census Bureau is required by law to keep the information private and cannot release any identifiable information about you, your home, or your business, even to law enforcement.

The form is available in 13 languages, including Spanish, Chinese, Vietnamese, Korean and Russian.

To complete the form online, go to Each household will receive a unique census ID number in its mailed invitation. You can still respond online if you have not received the ID number.

To answer the questions over the phone, call 844-330-2020 to complete the form in English. Phone lines are open every day from 7 a.m. to 2 a.m. There are separate phone lines for non-English languages, including 844-468-2020 for Spanish.

All homes will receive a paper questionnaire if they do not first respond online or by phone. The mailed forms will come with a return envelope addressed to one of the Census Bureau’s mail processing centers in Jeffersonville, Indiana, or Phoenix, Arizona. 

Hall County libraries will have computers available for people to complete the form. 

In May, census takers will begin visiting homes where the formhs have not yet been completed.